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GUM

Page history last edited by PBworks 12 years, 3 months ago

Clause

A group of words with a subject and a verb

     1. Independent clause (IC)

          A group of words with a subject and averb...that expresses a complete thought (a simple sentence)

     2. Dependent clause (DC)

          A group of words with a subject and a verb...that does not express a complete thought (a simple sentence)

 

Verb

The action of the clause

 

Helping Verb (23)

Maybe Mr. Do should have a will.

maybe

might

must

be

being

been

am

is

are 

was

were

do

does

did

should

could

would

have

has

had

will

can

shall

                              (http://www.kyrene.org/schools/brisas/sunda/verb/1help.htm

 

Linking Verb

(AKA state-of-being verbs)

Reveals something about the subject's state of being.

Linking verbs are followed by predicate adjectives or predicate nouns.

[some of them]

feel

taste

look

smell

appear

grow

remain

stay

turn

seem

sound

become

prove

[to be]

am

is

are

was

were

be

being

been

(http://www.donnayoung.org/english/pos/linking_verbs.htm)

 

Subject

Who/what is doing the action

Who/what the clause is about

 

Simple Subject--one word

Complete Subject--a group of words

 

Object

What receives the verb's actioin

Do NOT confuse subjects and objects

(Passive voice: Objectification | the over-correction: Idolatry)

 

To Find the Subject

1. Find main clause

2. Find main verb

3. Ask: Who/what (verb)?

                    OR

           Who/What is the sentence about?

     Your answer is your subject

 

Phrase

A group of words without either a subject or a verb

 

 

Comma

Fundamental purpose: To clarify, not to pause

     1. To separate ideas

     2. To add information

 

 

See Leo--a great, simple resource 

Parts of Speech (8)

Verb

Noun

Pronoun

Adjective

Adverb

Preposition

Conjunction (cc, sc)

Interjection

 

Parts of a Sentence

Subject

     Who/What (verb)?

Verb (Predicate)

Object--who/what receives the verb's action

          (Subject-verb) who/what?

     Indirect Object

          (Subject-verb-object) to whom/to what?

Complement

     Subject Complement

          with linking verbs

     Object Complement 

Phrase

     Prepositional phrase

     Verbal phrase     

          Infinitive phrase

          Gerund phrase

          Participial phrarse

Clause

     Independent clause

     Dependent clause

 

 

 

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