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Animal Farm

Page history last edited by Matt Peterson 12 years, 6 months ago

AF Formal Writing Assignment

Introduction and one polished body paragraph

1.5 spacing

12-point font

300-350 words

Have a clear topic sentence that focuses your body paragraph

Include word count at bottom

Due Friday, 6 March


Historical Background

 AF Historical Background & Qs - Topp.doc


Allegory and Fable Writing

 AF Ch Intro Qs - Signet.doc

Be able to make these connections:  Parallel characters and events.doc

 AF Writing a Fable - Topp.doc



Examples of how to track Characters: AF Character Maps.pdf

Character Map (Spoiler Alert)



Check out pages 6, 10, and14: AF - Unit - Glencoe McGraw-Hill Publishing.pdf

For some propaganda definitions:  Spinning Sin.doc


AF Notes

Quadrant Notes - Boxer (and Mollie, his foil) 

Comparative-Column Notes - Napolean and Snowball

Double-Column Notes - Squealer (and propaganda




Ralph Steadman Illustrations (Spoiler Alert)


Radio Animal Farm | Radio Foxwood



Now that we've written fables, studied propaganda, and looked at some of the major events in Animal Farm, with a buddy, you will create a radio segment employing all three. 


3-4 minute Radio Segment (MUST stay within timeframe)

  • Brief Into.: When we were children...
  • 60-90 second Fable (150-300 words)
  • Transition: Recent events at what is now known as "Animal Farm" ... This report by...
  • 60-150 second News Report (150-400 words)--this is the most important
  • Outro--if time allows


For Fable

  • Choose between your fables, or write a new one.
  • Decide how to edit it for radio--voices, sounds, or read straightforward?
  • Decide if fable's moral will align or be in tension with report's bias. Maybe the whole radio station is a tool for propaganda.
  • Cut to best possible length.


For Radio Animal Farm or Radio Foxwood 

  • Determine audience: Are you reporting to the Animal Farm or Foxwood communities?
  • This bias must be evident in what and how you report, what details you include and exaggerate.
  • Individually, find three to five important events in the history of Animal Farm. Make a note of the pages in the book where these events are described.
  • Having done so, compare with your partner and try to arrive at a group of two to four events. 

  • Employ propaganda techniques in report. Reportage is not the goal; persuasion is.


For intro, outro, and transition

  • listen to npr.org or bbc.org. NPR's program "All Things Considered" or the BBC's The World offer good examples of efficient ways to move between stories.

Model Fable

     One day a farmer's donkey fell down into a well. The animal cried piteously for hours as the farmer tried to figure out what to do. Finally, he decided the animal was old, and the well needed to be covered up anyway; it just wasn't worth it to retrieve the donkey. 

     He invited all his neighbours to come over and help him. They all grabbed a shovel and began to shovel dirt into the well. At first, the donkey realized what was happening and cried horribly. Then, to everyone's amazement he quieted down. 

     A few shovel loads later, the farmer finally looked down the well. He was astonished at what he saw. With each shovel of dirt that hit his back, the donkey was doing something amazing. He would shake it off and take a step up. 

     As the farmer's neighbours continued to shovel dirt on top of the animal, he would shake it off and take a step up. Pretty soon, everyone was amazed as the donkey stepped up over the edge of the well and happily trotted off! 

     Life is going to shovel dirt on you, all kinds of dirt. The trick to getting out of the well is to shake it off and take a step up. Each of our troubles is a stepping stone. We can get out of the deepest wells just by not stopping, never giving up! Shake it off and take a step up.


Major AF Events - Student-generated Notes

Chapter 1

  • Old Major held a meeting in the big barn about his dream and rebellion
  • The respected and powerful Old Major talks about rebellion (Animalism) (pg. 27-33)
  • Old Major predicted a rebellion that animals will get rid of humanity
  • Old Major had a strange dream about Earth as it will be when man has vanished (pg. 32)
  • Old Major taught the animals to sing Beasts of England (pg. 32)


Chapter 2

  • Pigs introduced in detail 
  • Old Major dies peacefully in his sleep three nights after the animalism meeting (pg. 35)
  • Squealer, Snowball and Napoleon elaborated old Major’s teaching into a complete system of thought called 'Animalism” (pg. 36)
  • On Midsummer, a Sunday, the rebellion took place and the animals drove Jones and his men out of the farm (pg. 38)
  • Pigs revealed that during the past three months they had taught themselves to read and write from Mr. Jones’s old spelling book (pg. 42)
  • They painted out the name Manor Farm and changed it to Animal Farm (pg. 42)
  • Squealer wrote the seven commandments (pg. 43)


Chapter 3

  • The Animals assumed the apples would be shared equally ‘Comrades!’ he cried. ‘You do not imagine, I hope, that we pigs are doing this in a spirit of selfishness and privilege?  Many of us actually dislike milk and apples.  I dislike them myself.  Our sole object in taking these things is to preserve our health.  Milk and apples (this has been proved by Science, comrades) contain substances absolutely necessary to the well being of a pig.  We pigs are brainworkers.  The whole management and organization of this farm depend on us.  Day and night we are watching over your welfare.  It is for your sake that we drink that milk and eat those apples.  De you know what would happen if we pigs failed in our duty?  Jones would come back!  Yes, Jones would come back!  Surely, comrades, surely there is no one among you who wants to see Jones come back?’
  • Snowball made a flag for the Republic of the Animals
  • Snowball shortened the Seven Commandments: ‘Four legs good, two legs bad.’
  • Snowball made committees
  • Napoleon believes every animal should be able to read and write
  • Napoleon is not interested in Snowball’s committee
  • The Pigs are the ‘brains’ of the farm
  • Boxer’s motto: ‘I will work harder.’
  • Farmers were frightened by the rebellion
  • The harvest was an even bigger success than they had hoped
  • “The pigs did not actually work, but directed and supervised the others.”
  • Animals are happy and believe they have an easier life
  • Snowball and Napolean were never in agreement


Chapter 4

  • The Battle of the Cowshed occurred over night
  • Boxer feels bad for killing a human (he’s against violent).  Snowball convinced him to think otherwise. 
  • The Animals decided to create a military decoration Snowball was awarded Animal Hero First Class
  • Boxer reared up on Jones
  • Snowball and Napoleon spread Animalism
  • Snowball launched first attack when humans arrived
  • Napoleon was not seen in the fight
  • At the graveside after the funeral of the killed sheep, Snowball tells everyone to prepare to die for Animal Farm.
  • Animal Hero second class conferred posthumously on the dead sheep


Throughout Both Chapters 3 and 4

  • Squealer is a propagandist
  • Pigs abuse their power


Chap 5

  • Molly runs away after being questioned, about human contact/by bribery
  • There is increased conflicted between Napoleon and Snowball
  • Pigs gradually take control of the farm and they decide all the farm policies
  • while snowball produces all the ideas and Napoleon takes all the credit
  • the windmill was an idea of snowballs to industrialize animal farm 
  • vote takes place in farm to decide whether to use windmill (snowball) or food production (napoleon) also when Napoleon drives Snowball out using the dogs
  • Squealer uses propaganda, convincing the animals to turn against snowball, but some animals are still a follower of snowball 
  • Napoleon decides to build windmill after all, and squealer claims it was his idea all along but this confuses animals but accept anyway


Chapter 6

  • Everybody tries to mend the windmill
  • the animals came out with a new policy to trade with other animals, because they needed the machinery to survive
  • Napoleon starts to break the seven commandments, for example the two legs bad
  • Rations are reduced
  • Announce work on Sunday afternoon, when the work is supposed to be voluntary
  • Pigs break the animalism rule when they are becoming unfair (squealer sleeps on a bed)
  • The pigs change fourth commandments (never sleep on a bed)
  • Pigs get to wake up an hour latter 
  • Napoleon gets the title of leader because snowball gone
  • Death sentence is announced upon snowball, which breaks the sixth commandment. Snowball is blamed for destroying the windmill although it was the weather
Chapter 7
  • Eggs and hens: Napoleon makes an arrangement with Mr. Whymper: a contract for 400 eggs each week. The hens protest and 9 hens die.
  • Snowball: they "discover" that Snowball was in league with Mr Jones from the very start
  • "Confessions": three hens, a goose, three sheep were all slain on the spot by Napoleon's dogs after confessing to not being loyal to the farm.
  • New Animal Farm Song:  Minimus the poet composes a new song
Chapter 8
  • Break commandment #6: "No animal shall kill any other animal without cause"
  • Change of order giver: Napoleon himself was not seen in public as often as once in a fortnight: Squealer issued the orders
  • Timber negotiations: Napoleon finds timber and decides between selling to Pilkington or Federick- final sale made to Federick
  • Dynamite windmill: Federick attacks Animal Farm and blows up windmill
  • Break commandment #5: "No animal shall drink alcohol to excess"

Chapter 9

  • Food rations were reduced
  • Shortage of money
  • A new rule was laid down: When a pig and any other animal meet on a path, the other animal must stand aside and let the pig pass first
  • Every pig was given a ration of half a pint of beer
  • Napoleon commanded that once a week there was to be a Spontaneous Demonstration
  • Boxer’s lung was going bad, and he was useless on the farm. The pigs said they sent him to the vet, but they actually sent him to the horse slaughter


Chapter 10

  • No one remembered the old days
  • Muriel, Bluebell, Jessie, Pincher and Jones were all dead
  • Snowball and Boxer forgotten
  • The farm was more prosperous, because the windmill had been completed and used for milling corn, not electrical power, which brought in a large profit.
  • Farm possessed threshing machine and a hay elevator
  • Sheep learn a new commandment
  • The animals saw Squealer walking on his hind legs
  • The pigs changed the commandments into just one commandment: All animals are equal. But some animals are more equal than others. 
  • Pigs went into the farmhouse, put on clothes, and entertained the humans
  • Napoleon called Animal Farm, Manor Farm when he was with the humans


Date   In Class


3 Dec  

Rd Ch  1

Journal--based on Rdg Is...

Historical Bkgrd Pkt (Not Thinking Qs)

AF Intro Qs

Read Ch 1-2

Journal: Explore historical background and allegory; make predictions

Continue with classwork
4 Dec  

Continue with packet

Rd Ch 2

Jrnl: 200 words, Ch 1-2

Rd Ch 3-4

Track major characters: Snowball, Napoleon, Squealer, Boxer

5 Dec  

Define Allegory, satire, three kinds of irony, fable; see Literary Terms

Allegory Who's Who: Farmer Jones, Napolean, Snowball, Squealer, Boxer, Sheep

Fable -- see above

Fable RD
8 Dec  

Read RDs

Explore successful fable

Rd Ch 5-6

Continue tracking


9 Dec


Finish reading fables

Ch 1-6: identify point of view, foreshadowing, ironic lines

11 Dec  

Check Character notes

Define spin and spin doctors

Groups--1-3 examples of spin

Interlude: Identify spin techniques

Copy favorite on A3-size sheet


Rd Ch 7-8

Continue tracking

F 12 Dec  

Computer Lab:

Finish "The Fish" writing conferences

Rd Ch 9-10
W 17 Dec   Finish reading Animal Farm   
M 5 Jan   Computer Lab: Finish "The Fish" Essay

Finish "The Fish" essay if necessary

Due Friday

T 6 Jan S

5 groups of 4: major chapter events

Type up and email--will go on wiki

TH 8 Jan  

Official propaganda techniques

NPR, BBC, and

01 Caring Makes Us Human.mp3


Pair up: Radio AF | Radio Foxwood

Determine Audience, choose events, determine bias, choose propaganda techniques, write bulletin

Radio Bulletin 
F 9 Jan  

Review propaganda techniques

Radiolab: War of the Worlds

(0:00-22:05-- "Ha Ha. It was a Joke")

War of the Worlds.mp3


Making the Hippo Dance (5 mins.)

Making the Hippo Dance (cut).mp3


Pairs: Fable and Bulletin

Radio Bulletin and Fable 
W 14 Jan  

A2 Poetry Commentaries

Pairs: Write transitions 

Script Radio intro, Fable, transitions, Bulletin 

TH 15 Jan


Practice reading and timing scripts

Poetic Devices Packet

Polish AF Radio Piece 
F 16 Jan  

1. Recording News Show: 20 minute window, 10 pairs

2. Animal Farm page-long journal entry: Why does Animal Farm fail?

Give multiple specific examples; refer to multiple characters; use paragraphs; use your character notes (15-30 mins).

3. Develop a thesis (read around).

4. Choose one character; write a formal body paragraph. Follow the standard organization of Point, Example, Explanation. Be sure you use a topic sentence and direct quotations (with page citations). 

Write another body paragraph. (Integrating Evidence)
M 19 Jan   Media Lab: Editing  
T 20 Jan S No Lesson--Sports Day No HW
TH 22 Jan   Listen to AF Radio Poetry
F 23 Jan   No Lessons--Half Day, CNY Assembly No HW--Read a Book or Two!


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